With the Mars 2020, NASA, as well as its international partners,are trying to do something more motivated. When the unmanned rover discovers Mars surface, it does not just collect and analyze the samples, but assemble several samples in a special container that will be left to pick up by the Rover and is then return to the Earth for a detailed study.
NASA’s Mars 2020
For the Mars 2020, Sample Caching System makes use of a bit carousel that the NASA relates to a function similar to a slide projector of the year 1960. As per the space agency, the carousel contains a series of nine drill bits. Among the nine drill bits, two drill bits are used for the abrading rocks to present a clean drilling area. In the meantime, there is a little regolith and the six for the coring samples. The design is similar to the previous designs, but the smart part is that the base samples uses lightweight, hollow one-off bits and carry the sample tube. NASA engineers have recently installed an autopilot navigation unit, a robotic arm and a new camera in the rover to help it land, collect as well as identify the samples from the Mars. The Mars 2020 rover will look for the symptoms of a habitable environment on the surface of the Mars and will store the samples that a future mission will return to Earth. TRN (Terrain-Relative Navigation), the new autopilot navigation tool, will help the Mars 2020 avoid risks when landing on Mars, according to a NASA statement. The launch of Mars 2020 rover is scheduled from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Base in Florida next July and its landing on Mars is expected on February 2021. JPL will build and manage the Mars 2020 operations of NASA’s science mission at the agency’s headquarters in Washington.
NASA’s Apollo 11
The Apollo 11 Columbia control unit splashed into the Pacific Ocean, satisfying the goal of President Kennedy’s taking a man to the moon and bringing him back safely. NASA Mars 2020 will be another sign. The rover will not only look for signs of past population conditions and the past microbial life, yet will also collect the soil and rock samples and store them on the surface of the planet for future plans. Other flight objectives include scientific exploration by the LM, lunar module or crew; positioning of a TV camera to transmit signals to the ground, deployment of a solar wind training experience, laser range Retro reflector and a set of seismic experiments. During the exploration, the astronauts were forced to collect samples of materials from the moon to return to Earth. They also had to capture the lunar terrain, LM spacecraft, positioned scientific equipment and others, with fixed and cinematographic cameras. This was the last mission of Apollo in launching a free return path, which will allow a return to Earth without starting the engine, thus providing a ready-to-use abortion for the mission at any time before the introduction of the lunar orbit.Apollo’s goal was achieving excellence in space for the United States and establishes technology to meet other national interests in space.
Considering the efforts of the scientists and engineers, it is expected that NASA’s Apollo 11 and NASA’s Mars 2020 will be successful.