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Blood pressure and heart disease



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Blood pressure has a notable influence on heart disease. A remarkable part of people suffering from coronary heart disease is blood pressure. Excessive pressure accelerates coronary heart disease by increasing the rate of fat accumulation (Atherosclerosis) on the inner wall of the coronary artery. According to a large-scale study, fifty percent of men with coronary heart disease and about seventy-five percent of women suffer from high blood pressure. The erectile relationship of the coronary heartbeat with the extra pressure is clear from the results of such surveys. Except for coronary heart disease, if high blood pressure continues there are other types of heart problems that may be got. However, coronary heart disease is one of the major and most damaging complications of blood pressure exertion on the cardiovascular system. Harmful, because coronary heart failure can arise at any time a serious heart attack. Coronary heart disease does not just kill many people prematurely, but many people suffer long-termed diseases. ECG test is important to diagnosis earlier.

Research in America

In the United States, the National Heart Institute began a comprehensive study of coronary heart disease in 1950 to investigate the different risk levels and effects for twenty years. Fifty thousand healthy people were selected for the study conducted in Framingham, Massachusetts. All those under study have to undergo a rigorous test, allowing them to continue their previous lifestyle (labor, eating habits, and drinking levels). That study is known as the Framingham Survey or Framingham Study. The long-term study of this large-scale of the US country has revealed important data on the cause and complications of heart disease. The information that is relevant to the people of certain countries, it is confirmed from subsequent research in different countries.

Attack increases when the pressure rises

When blood pressure levels are exceeded, the risk of heart attack gradually increases with coronary heart disease. The higher the stress level, the more likely it is to have a heart attack. This information is reported in the ‘Framingham Survey’ and some other surveys later. This increase in blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart attack, is now well-proven in medical science. Women suffering from hypertension suffer from a heart attack much higher than men, almost twice as much. A Framingham survey found that men with blood pressure more than 160/90 of the age (50-59 years), were three times more likely to have a heart attack than normal men. In other words, men with normal blood pressure are much less likely to have a high risk of heart attack than men who are hypertensive at that age, only one-third. As the severity of blood pressure increases, the risk of getting a heart attack increases proportionally. The proportion of heart attacks between two groups of men is 1:7 with systolic blood pressure 120:180. In simple terms, when systolic blood pressure is 180 and seven people suffer from a heart attack because of that blood pressure, only one person will have such a dangerous heart attack among such people with systolic blood pressure 120. With proper treatment to prevent coronary heart disease and heart attack, the importance of keeping that pressure normal is unmeasured by reducing blood pressure. Increased blood pressure not only increases the risk of narrowing of the artery cavity by lining the walls of the arteries, but the rate of coronary artery occlusion is also increased quicker. This is the main cause of the direct correlation of increased heart attack with increased blood pressure. When the blood pressure of miserable animals (dogs, rats, rabbits, etc.) is raised artificially in the laboratory, the aging of those organisms is increasing the severity of arterial narrowing, a group of medical scientists researching on this subject noted.

Why women get more attacks

  Men and women are almost equally affected by hypertension, but why are women more prone to blood pressured heart attacks than men at an older age? This fact cannot be explained by showing a specific reason. Female sexually transmitted hormones during fertility (on average 15-45 years) under the influence of estrogen, girls suffer from atherosclerosis being delayed comparing to men. As a result, women are more prone to heart attacks than men before menopause. In women who suffer from a heart attack, the risk of developing menstrual bleeding is due to the lack of estrogen in the body causing atherosclerosis, which leads to coronary artery narrowing. Atherosclerosis accelerates coronary artery cavity narrowing. Girls generally gain a little bit of weight after menstruation. Calcium in the bone goes down (Osteoporosis) which leads to bone problems. Movement and physical labor slow down. Women are less likely to get proper treatment compared to men in old age who are suffering from high blood pressure, especially in our country. Girls are more prone to heart attacks than boys for various reasons. In general, women are less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease than men. Fewer victims are heart attacks and other complications of coronary heart disease. The incidence of sudden cardiac death is much lower in women and more in men.

When the country is India

 The number of coronary heart disease in this country is increasing day by day. India is going to be a country of “heart disease epidemic” . In India, especially in remote rural areas, the prevalence of high blood pressure is often unknown. Despite the knowledge of the increase in blood pressure, the majority of rural people do not have financial status as per the doctor’s advice. Most of the people in this country still live in the countryside. In view of such a tangible situation, in a poor country like India, the cause of high blood pressure is steadily increasing though the cause of which is understood partly. A large part of the people of this country eat salt and use more salt in cooking. One has to keep in mind the growing tendency to break out of traditional eating habits and become involved in so-called ‘modern’ prepared foods. If salt is high in any such type of processed food, eating these regularly will increase the incidence of coronary heart disease due to increased blood pressure. That is ‍also happening in reality. Most of the people in this country do not know the ways to prevent the rise in blood pressure. There is a lot of works that can be done in mass media to promote such minimum hygiene practices. If the work would have been provided to the poor people suffering from high pressure from the government hospitals and health centers about the use of effective blood pressure control drugs free of cost and if the common people are made aware step by step with the high blood pressure and its complications.No such initiative is yet at the public or private level. The idea that the activity will increase in the near future is still a fantasy. In this country, there are no good treatment options available for the people who can buy medical treatment with the help of money in Government-Private systems for increasing blood pressure and the cardiovascular disease caused by it. Needless to say, the vast majority of the common people do not get this kind of modern treatment they need. That’s why; blood-stricken cardiovascular procession is getting more and more continuous day by day. The epidemic of heart disease is at the forefront. The weapon to face those fearsome days is the only one. Be aware of blood pressure including heart disease and make others aware.

Social picture of High blood pressure

It has taken decades for medical scientists to understand that the problem of blood pressure is so widespread around the world. In the early seventies of the last century, the World Health Organization (WHO) first issued warnings around the world about the prevalence of blood pressure and its dangerous effects on public health. Almost eight decades after the discovery of a scientific and accurate method of measuring blood pressure, the prevalence and importance of blood pressure have been understood. Surprisingly, it is so real. High blood pressure or hypertension is a known part of the problem called just Iceberg Peak. So the problem of blood pressure is like an iceberg in the bottomless sea in the eyes of hygienists most of which are still unknown, incomplete. Though a significant portion of people in different countries of the world suffers from blood pressure, a large portion of them is not aware of the problem. Eighty-five percent of elderly people in industrialized Western countries suffer from hypertension. In the underdeveloped and developing countries, such victims are ten to twenty percent of the population or maybe more. Because in poor countries there are numerous unknown hypertensive people besides the known blood pressure-enhancing people due to a lack of health services. There is no country in the world where there is no problem with blood pressure. It has been reported that people living in high altitudes from the mountainous area have a lower blood pressure than others. Extremely few people of some primitive tribes living in Asia, Africa, South America, and the Pacific Islands suffer less in high blood pressure who have not yet moved from the traditional way of life. Although the true picture of blood pressure problems is still unclear due to the lack of adequate surveys in India, there is no doubt that the prevalence of hypertension and its complications is an important health issue in this country. In compliance with the rules introduced by the World Health Organization in the year 1977, two large surveys were conducted in the urban areas of Punjab and rural areas of Haryana. According to the survey, about sixty and seventy per thousand men and women in urban areas suffer from blood pressure problems respectively. There are about thirty-five and thirty-six per thousand men and women suffer from this problem in rural areas. In fact, experts say the problem of hypertension in this country is much more widespread.

The social-picture of blood pressure will change from one country to another, this is normal. Yet, one can make an idea from this picture not only the severity of the problem of hypertension all over the world but also the quantum and qualitative state of the treatment, Though the problem with the prevalence of hypertension is widespread in advanced, developing and underdeveloped, in all the countries, but the number of people trying to control blood pressure due to socio-economic and other causes is small enough. The number of people who are constantly controlling hypertension with less adequate treatment. However, early treatment is preferable.